Newsletter XLVII 2022
24 to ... November
|Current news+||Background knowledge|
This PDF file contains an almost complete list of known accidents and releases of radioactivity. As new information becomes available, this file will be expanded and updated...
Excerpt for this month:
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Oil and gas producers don't fully report emissions, an organization evaluating satellite data found.
Our knowledge of how much greenhouse gas is produced where currently depends largely on what countries and their industries voluntarily report. But many underestimate their emissions, according to Climate Trace, an organization that monitors and categorizes greenhouse gases.
In a recently published analysis, the non-governmental organization comes to the conclusion that oil and gas producers in particular produce three times more greenhouse gases than they themselves have stated ...
Since Elon Musk took over the reigns at Twitter, things have been going downhill. Therefore, more and more people are leaving the platform. That's why we're going to show you how to delete and deactivate your Twitter account in today's How To Guide.
It's been just under a month since Elon Musk pulled off the takeover of Twitter for around $44 billion...
Record penalty and cease and desist
Japan's trade regulator has slapped record-high antitrust fines on several major utilities for forming a cartel and obstructing the liberalization of Japan's electricity market.
Utilities include Chugoku Electric Power, Kyushu Electric Power and Chubu Electric Power, among others. The Trade Inspectorate accuses them of violating the antimonopoly law and has imposed fines of 10 billion yen (about 69 million euros) ...
»ZDF Magazin Royale«
In his satirical show, ZDF presenter Jan Böhmermann declared the FDP to be the new RAF. A fictitious terror search poster had already heated up the tweeting minds in the run-up to the broadcast.
The style is reminiscent of an RAF wanted poster from the 24s – only there is no Andreas Baader here, but a Christian Lindner. In addition to the Federal Minister of Finance, this fictitious wanted poster also shows a youth photo of the former SPIEGEL editor-in-chief and current "WeltNXNUMX" publisher Stefan Aust or the virologist Hendrik Streeck.
"If everyone goes one turn too far because they always count on applause in their own camp, there is a loser," wrote Volker Beck, President of the German-Israeli Society: "democratic culture." Beck continued to tweet about the hashtags “rafdp” and “KlimaRAF”: “Both are crazy”.
Radical climate protests:
The actions of the last generation polarize: they force us out of the comfort zone. It hurts, but this is the only way to protect the climate.
One can argue how sensible and effective the actions of the last generation are. Blockages bring a lot of trouble and risk. The concern can disappear behind the action. For weeks there has been no debate about the goals of the last generation, only about their means. They also do not block the big climate killers such as coal-fired power plants or gas pipelines, but private transport.
But the demands of climate activists are less radical, radical is a future of 2,7 degrees in the climate crisis that we are currently heading for ...
The group has announced that there will be no new campaigns in the coming week. But after that she wants to compete "with even more people".
Even climate activists apparently need a break. In any case, the group "Last Generation" has announced that it will not hold any more protest actions until the end of next week...
Sociologist: "Last generation" remedies are mild
"Authoritarian counter-reactions and fantasies of punishment are more dangerous for the democratic culture than the brief disruptive actions themselves." Quent rejects demands that procedures against members of the "last generation" should also be examined from a terrorist point of view as disproportionate.
For decades, politics and industry have slowed down and prevented climate protection measures, said the sociologist. Especially in the transport sector, there is hardly any progress. "In view of this, it is also an excuse to accuse the activists of harming climate protection because they put their fingers in the wound. You may like the actions or not, but the responsibility for the climate crisis lies elsewhere," he said quant.
Extension of the AKW term
The CDU is not satisfied with the temporary continued operation of three German nuclear power plants until next spring. She fears that another extension will be necessary to ensure energy security in this country - and sees a need for action.
The Union parties CDU and CSU are demanding another stress test for the power supply in Germany from the federal government. "The federal government still believes that the energy crisis will be over next year. That is a fatal misjudgment," said environmental policy spokeswoman for the Union faction in the Bundestag, Anja Weisgerber, of the "Augsburger Allgemeine"...
The nuclear lobby will continue to stress test until the result is "right"!
Lifetime extension for nuclear power plants until April
Opponents of nuclear power have announced a sit-in at the Neckarwestheim nuclear power plant for Saturday.
On Friday, the Federal Council approved the extension of the operating times for the three remaining nuclear power plants in Germany until mid-April. Today, opponents of nuclear power want to express their displeasure on site in Neckarwestheim (Heilbronn district) - with a protest action. The nationwide campaignTurn off" criticizes the stretching operation of Neckarwestheim 2 and the nuclear power plant Lingen in Lower Saxony and Isar 2 in Bavaria until April 15...
»So that our country gets through the winter well«
The federal government wants to relieve consumers of high energy costs in the coming year. When the cabinet decided on this, there were changes to the financing plans: the skimming off of excess profits was further restricted.
The government wants to mitigate the sharply rising costs for gas and electricity for private households and the economy: the cabinet decided on gas and electricity price brakes on Friday. From January 2023 to the end of April 2024, capped prices will apply to most consumption – the state will pay the difference. Parliament should decide on the price brakes before Christmas. The Federal Council meeting is on December 16th.
There was praise for the price brakes from the Association of the German Automotive Industry (VDA) and the Central Association of German Crafts (ZDH). Energy-intensive smaller craft businesses could also benefit from the electricity price brake, emphasized ZDH President Hans Peter Wollseifer. Due to the fact that the electricity price brake for January and February will only be granted retrospectively from March, it could become financially tight for many companies. Wollseifer therefore called for a »hardship bridge«.
Greenpeace criticized the plans. "These resolutions make energy cheaper with many billions of taxpayers' money, but they fail to ensure that dependence on fossil fuels decreases in the future," explained Bastian Neuwirth from the environmental organization.
The research reactor of the Technical University of Munich in Garching can be converted to low-enriched uranium. The TU announced this. A major conversion is not necessary for this. The approval process for the new fuel is scheduled to start by 2025.
The research reactor in Garching can be converted to low-enriched uranium. The TU Munich announced this in the morning. Researchers at the TUM have calculated that the conversion that is often required is now theoretically possible and that the required neutron flux can also be generated without highly enriched material (HEU). The whole thing was confirmed by experts from the USA. According to the TU, a major conversion is not necessary. The approval process for the new fuel is to be initiated by 2025...
Hear hear! For years, research reactors around the world have been converted to low-enriched uranium, and now it is actually possible in Munich. The proponents of a nuclear armament policy ala Franz Josef Strauss gasped.
"Last Generation" temporarily paralyzes BER. The response of conservative and social-democratic politicians raises fears of harsh repression for everyone who does not put up with inaction on climate protection. A comment
The excitement is great again. Yesterday, Thursday, members of the Last Generation temporarily blocked Berlin Airport, where some sat on the runways far from taxiing airplanes and others rode bicycles around them. After an hour and a half it was all over.
The reactions to this could hardly be more excited, and a comparison with the silence that usually accompanies most right-wing extremist arson attacks and murders, for example in the Berlin district of Neukölln, which is immediately adjacent to the airport, gives a glimpse into the abyss of the German bourgeoisie.
At the CSU, for example, one almost overturns: the former Federal Minister of Transport Andreas Scheuer, who always held his protective hand over the diesel fraud of the German automotive industry, how his predecessors and successors let the railway go to waste, built motorways and also spent hundreds of millions of euros in the Toll disaster, calls the activists "climate criminals" on Twitter who should be "locked away" ...
The Human Rights Council in Geneva is not considered the most powerful body within the United Nations. But the condemnation of Iran over the violent crackdown by the Tehran leadership against the protest movement marks a turning point. The majority of the committee followed a motion by Germany and Iceland to set up an independent commission to investigate the human rights situation in Iran and, in particular, the rights of women and girls.
The resolution, promoted by Foreign Minister Annalena Baerbock, is the most visible sign of a new, more confrontational attitude on the part of the German government towards the leadership in Tehran ...
The Federal Council has now approved the continued operation of the three remaining reactors. The end of nuclear power in Germany is expected to come in mid-April.
It has been decided that the last three German nuclear power plants will continue to operate until April 15 next year. The Federal Council refrained from appealing to the mediation committee for this law. With that, it can come into effect...
More than seven million electricity customers have recently been informed about massive price increases. It does vary regionally. But it is likely to be expensive everywhere in the coming years.
Numerous consumers in Germany recently received price increases from their electricity suppliers. Some of the increases at the turn of the year are drastic. For example, the Cologne-based company Rheinenergie will be charging more than twice as much per kilowatt hour (kWh) for the basic supply as of January: around 55 cents will be due there in the future - an increase of almost 130 percent ...
Decades to final storage
Neckarwestheim will probably remain an interim storage facility for radioactive waste for much longer than previously feared. The search for a repository has been massively delayed. That's worrying.
The determination of a repository site for high-level radioactive waste has been delayed by at least 15 years. This was announced by the Baden-Württemberg Ministry of the Environment. This also affects the city of Neckarwestheim (Heilbronn district). 135 castors are stored there in the interim storage facility. They will therefore remain there for many decades to come...
The Federal Ministry of Economics is currently working on accelerating the expansion of photovoltaics and is also targeting the flow of tenants. It probably comes down to a balance sheet model, reported Rüdiger Winkler, Managing Director of the Edna Federal Energy Market and Communication Association at the Edna conference on November 24th.
He is a member of a corresponding working group in the Federal Ministry of Economics. The operator of a tenant electricity system would then physically feed all of its electricity into the grid and this would only be passed on to the tenants on the balance sheet, explained Winkler. Further simplification: The sales tax for such photovoltaic systems should drop to zero ...
National Councilors and NGOs from the Mühlviertel and Waldviertel together - Motion for a resolution in Parliament
After it became known that the state energy supplier CEZ plans to build small modular reactors, "Small Modular Reactors" (SMRs), or "mini nuclear power plants" by 2032, Martin Litschauer, National Councilor from the Waldviertel, and Johanna Jachs, National Councilor from the Mühlviertel introduced a joint motion for a resolution in Parliament that the Federal Government, Foreign Minister and Minister for the Environment should use all legal means to oppose these plans. This motion for a resolution is also supported by Julia Herr, SPÖ, by Renate Brandner-Weiß, from the Waldviertler Energiestammtisch and Manfred Doppler from the Anti-Nuclear Committee in Freistadt.
The nuclear lobby is aware that nuclear power has no future anywhere in the world, so proponents are trying to present these Small Modular Reactors (SMR) as a new achievement.
"But these reactors are neither new, nor small, nor safer, and there is no experience of the costs, because not a single one has been built anywhere in the world"...
After the COP 27 climate summit
Climate researcher Mojib Latif on the need to restart international climate policy after the disappointing UN summit in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, and Germany's role in it.
Klimareporter°: Mr. Latif, after the recent climate summit in Sharm el-Sheikh, do you still have hope that the 1,5-degree limit for global warming will remain within reach? The summit declaration adheres to the goal.
Mojib Latif: No, but I didn't have any hope before the summit either. The current global warming is the result of the accumulated historical global CO2 emissions. This results in the permissible global CO2 budget in order not to exceed a certain level of global warming. And that is already more than 1,5 percent used up for the 80 degree limit.
Are at least the two degrees still realistic?
Yes, but even that is a Herculean task. The world should be carbon neutral in a few decades. However, global CO2 emissions are still increasing. The world is going in the wrong direction even now...
In addition to China, those who earn a lot of money with fossil fuels slowed down the COP27 climate conference.
The latest climate conference in Egypt ended without any progress on climate protection. In his Spiegel column “The saboteurs are acting in the background”, columnist Christian Stöcker tracks down those responsible. In addition to China, which produces the most coal per inhabitant after Australia, Kazakhstan, South Africa, Russia and Poland, Stöcker looks at the following figure: 636 lobbyists from oil, gas and coal companies took part in Sharm el-Sheikh. That was 25 percent more than in the previous year, as calculated by the environmental organization Global Witness. She criticized COP27 becoming a lobbying event this year. This means that the fossil lobby was represented by more people at the climate conference than the ten countries most affected by climate change combined.
Some of them were even part of the official delegations of the states, so they had access rights to premises that remained closed to the media or NGOs. For example, the CEO of the oil company BP, Bernard Looney, traveled to Sharm el-Sheikh as part of the Mauritanian delegation. A total of around 4500 people attended the conference ...
Operation from the end of January 2023 at the earliest
Helsinki, Finland - After years of delays, Finland's new Olkiluoto 3 nuclear power plant was supposed to officially start operating in December 2022. Damage to the feedwater pumps now ruins this plan.
The Finnish power plant operator Teollisuuden Voima Oyj (TVO) has announced that the investigation into the damage to the feedwater pumps of the EPR Olkiluoto 3, which was discovered in October, will continue for a few more weeks. The impact on the schedule cannot yet be estimated. According to the Areva-Siemens operator consortium, electricity production will not resume until December 11, 2022 at the earliest, so that regular electricity production will not begin until the end of January 2023 at the earliest. The damage found to the pumps would not have any impact on nuclear safety, according to TVO ...
After the Greens, the SPD also has doubts as to whether the plans of Finance Minister Christian Lindner (FDP) are sufficient. He wants to collect a third of the extra profits as tax.
The traffic light coalition in Berlin is arguing about the extent to which extra profits from the oil and gas industry caused by the crisis should be skimmed off. After the Greens, the SPD is now raising doubts as to whether the plans of Finance Minister Christian Lindner (FDP) are sufficient. He wants to collect a third of the extra profits as tax. That would be the minimum set by the EU. SPD leader Saskia Esken told our newspaper: "We siphon off excess profits from energy companies and invest the money in the cohesion of our country." She added: "We will make sure that this idea is not diluted when implementing our project." ...
Energy and climate - compact: While the federal government is investing billions in new LNG terminals for natural gas, there is no sign of the accelerated expansion of renewable energies. Anatomy of a failed energy policy.
Doubled costs for the new floating LNG terminals were reported on Telepolis. Instead of the originally planned 2,94 billion euros, these should now cost 6,56 billion euros, i.e. around 3,6 billion euros more.
If only the originally estimated almost 3 billion euros had been invested in the expansion of renewables at an early stage, then the LNG terminals might not have been necessary at all. But you're always smarter afterwards, or not...
|Current news+||Background knowledge|
The Schweinfurt action alliance against nuclear power (SWAB) is reacting with concern to the announcement of the planned storage of external low-level and medium-level radioactive nuclear waste in the Grafenrheinfeld nuclear waste storage facility BeHa.
According to the permit, 20 percent of the approved inventory may consist of third-party waste, which means that 20 percent more of this nuclear waste can be stored than was produced during nuclear power plant operation. This additional radiation exposure is expected of the population and the affected workers.
The nuclear waste is said to come from the Würgassen nuclear power plant, which is currently being dismantled. It is irritating that the Würgassen site has its own interim storage facility for low-level and intermediate-level radioactive waste. Why isn't the nuclear waste stored there? Or: why shouldn't he stay there? Should it already be full? That would be an indication of blatant planning errors. Or is it in the way of the logistics center planned there by the BGZ and should it therefore be cleared?
Since no conditioning systems have been set up at the individual nuclear waste generation sites, a central receiving or provision storage facility is planned for the entire amount of low-level and intermediate-level radioactive waste in order to condition it and transport it to the Konrad shaft for final long-term storage (should be operational by 2027). . Schacht Konrad is heavily criticized for having serious doubts about his suitability.
There is also criticism of the planned logistics center. This is also scheduled to go into operation in 2027, according to BGZ spokesman Hendrik Kranert, there is currently a delay of around a year. A TÜV report has certified that an incoming storage facility of this size and design is not absolutely necessary. The Federal Environment Ministry has not yet made a final decision on the Würgassen logistics center. There may be - as demanded by the critics - a transparent selection process - which would cancel the location determination.
From the point of view of the SWAB, it is urgently necessary to present the reasons publicly: why does PreussenElektra want to transport nuclear waste from Würgassen to Grafenrheinfeld and store it there?
There is no precise information on the planned transport route, but Bavarian radio pointed out two possible variants: road transport by truck to the nuclear power plant site or by rail to Gochsheim and then reloading onto trucks for the rest of the route.
This is reminiscent of the dangerous, unspeakable nuclear shipments at the Gochsheim train station - in the immediate vicinity of the residents - against which the Gochsheim citizens' initiative BIG has campaigned vehemently for years. The dispute with operators and authorities came to an end in 2001 - with the decision of the then red-green federal government to deposit the accumulating nuclear waste in nuclear power plant interim storage facilities.
The Grafenrheinfeld nuclear power plant is being dismantled... there is still no separate track connection for the site. Should there actually be accident-prone, risky reloading of radioactive material at the Gochsheim train station?
The permit for BeHa states that foreign nuclear waste may "only" be stored for a maximum of 10 years ... and then? Would the "radiant" freight be carted back to ... Würgassen? If the logistics center should exist by then – how absurd!
“However, we have reservations about believing in an actual limitation of 10 years! After the corresponding application has been submitted, the permit could be given an unlimited period of time and extended at any time," writes the Schweinfurt action alliance against nuclear power in a press release.
Even the legally enshrined nuclear phase-out was recently undermined in order to enforce the extension of the service life for the three nuclear power plants (Isar 2, Neckarwestheim 2 and Emsland), which were to go off the grid on December 31.12.2022, 2023 - initially limited to mid-April XNUMX! The fact that the running time extension is referred to as "stretching operation" does not change the facts.
For the SWAB, the question of the consequences of additional radiation exposure arises from the topic:
“We are always exposed to ionizing radiation; We are talking about background radiation, cosmic radiation, "natural" radiation - whereby the measured values also include the radiation from fall-outs from atomic bomb drops and "tests", from the use of nuclear-contaminated weapons, from nuclear accidents (known and unknown ) flow with. "Of course" is not. But the term is used in certain circles as an argument for "normal" and "harmless".
Radioactive radiation is harmful even in small doses!
This is the conclusion reached by the authors of a study by members of the BUND Atomic and Radiation Protection Commission. According to this, the operation of nuclear plants and the handling of radioactive substances (e.g. during dismantling) are associated with health risks - even if the currently applicable dose limits of the Radiation Protection Ordinance are observed. Even below the dose limits, there is a risk of later fatal cancer and damage to offspring. The amount of radioactive radiation previously classified as harmless is very likely to be significantly more harmful than previously thought.
In the Radiation Protection Ordinance, the requirement to minimize contaminated substances is laid down - it follows that nuclear transports of any kind may only be carried out if they are unavoidable. Also taking into account the risk of accidents and the danger of targeted attacks.
The dose limits for workers and the general public must be significantly reduced. Nuclear waste is to be conditioned and securely stored at the sites until there are storage sites for long-term storage. We agree with the demands of the nuclear waste conference (position paper on low-level and intermediate-level radioactive waste).
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Map of the nuclear world:
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nuclear waste report
There is a lot of talk about nuclear waste, but what is it actually? Every time radioactive substances are handled, radioactive waste is generated, from uranium mining to fuel production, from the operation of nuclear power plants and from reprocessing to the dismantling of nuclear power plants. But radioactive waste is also generated in the German armed forces, in research, medicine and teaching and even in the conventional extraction of raw materials and in the consumer goods industry. The quantities and the radiological and radiotoxic effects on humans vary greatly depending on the type of waste. Equally different are the classification and treatment of nuclear waste in different countries...
Radioactive waste, commonly known as nuclear waste, is radioactive material that cannot be used or that may no longer be used due to political regulations. Most nuclear waste is created through the use of nuclear energy. Smaller amounts arise in medicine and research; some states have significant legacies from the development and manufacture of nuclear weapons. Incidental radioactive substances and other material contaminated by them are always kept in interim storage facilities; the management of high-level radioactive waste through disposal, transmutation or reuse is an important task for mankind...
take place for processing and interim storage. A concept for the so-called final storage does not yet exist. The transports are regularly accompanied by demonstrations.
Nuclear waste transports include in particular
- the transport of spent fuel elements from German nuclear power plants for reprocessing abroad (La Hague, France, or Sellafield, Great Britain). Since July 1, 2005, the Atomic Energy Act has prohibited the transport of nuclear fuels from the commercial generation of electricity to reprocessing;
- the return transport of the radioactive waste generated during reprocessing from the reprocessing plants to Germany for interim storage (e.g. to the Ahaus nuclear waste storage facility or to the Gorleben nuclear waste storage facility); these will continue to be carried out in accordance with the obligations under nuclear law;
- Transport of low and intermediate level waste to conditioning facilities and interim storage facilities
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