The THTR Circular

Newsletter XXII 2024

May 26th to...


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Current news+ Background knowledge

The PDF file "Nuclear Power Accidents" contains a number of other incidents from various areas of the nuclear industry. Some of the events were never published through official channels, so this information could only be made available to the public in a roundabout way. The list of incidents in the PDF file is therefore not 100 % identical with "INES and the disturbances in nuclear facilities", but represents an addition.

1 May 1968 (INES 4 | NAMS 4,6) Nuclear factory Windscale/Sellafield, GBR

1 May 1962 (french Nuclear test "Beryl") In Ekker, Algeria, FRA

2 May 1967 (INES 4) NPP Chapelcross, UK

May 4-5, 1986 (INES 0 Class.?) NPP THTR 300, GER

7 May 2007 (INES 1) NPP Philippsburg, GER

7 May 1966 (INES 4) RIAR Research Institute, Melekess, USSR

11. to 13. May 1998 (6 atomic bomb tests) Pokhran, IND

11 May 1969 (INES 5 | NAMS 2,3) Nuclear factory Rocky Flats, United States

12 May 1988 (INES 2) NPP Civaux, FRA

13 May 1978 (INES ? Class.?) NPP AVR Jülich, GER

18 May 1974 (India's 1st atomic bomb test) Pokhran, IND

21 May 1946 (INES 4) T Undlicher Unfall in Los Alamos, NM, USA

22 May 1968 (Broken ArrowUSS Scorpion sunk sw. of the Azores, USA

24 May 1958 (INES ? Class.?) NRU reactor Chalk River, CAN

25 May 2009 (North Korea's 2nd nuclear bomb test) Punggye-ri, PRK

26 May 1971 (INES 4 | Class.?) Kurchatov Institute, Moscow, USSR

27 May 1956 (US atomic bomb tests) Eniwetok and Bikini, USA

28. to 30. May 1998 (6 Pakistani nuclear bomb tests) Ras Koh, PAK


We are always looking for up-to-date information. Anyone who can help, please send a message to:


27. May


RosatomFramatome | Lingen fuel element factory

May 28, 2024 from 9 a.m. - Protest against Macron in Münster - stop French nuclear deals with Russia

Because of the ongoing business of French state-owned companies with the Russian nuclear company Rosatom, we, together with opponents of nuclear power from Germany, France and Russia, are calling for the coming Tuesday (May 28.5th) from 9 a.m. to the protest at the LWL Museum for Art and Culture (Rothenburg forecourt, opposite Aegidiimarkt) in Münster on. The occasion is the visit of French President Macron, who will be awarded the Westphalian Peace Prize in the Münster town hall on this day - of all things for his supposedly "tireless commitment" against the Russian attack on Ukraine. French President Macron is expected in Münster city center at lunchtime.

The awarding of the Peace Prize to President Macron is an affront. With his nuclear policy, Macron is promoting the Russian war of aggression: The French state nuclear company Framatome is still sticking to its “strategic cooperation” with the Kremlin group Rosatom. He even wants to expand this, for example through Rosatom's entry into fuel element production in Lingen. And with his veto, Macron has been preventing EU sanctions against the Russian nuclear sector for years - this also pours billions into Putin's war chest every year. “Macron’s nuclear power is financing Putin’s war,” criticize the opponents of nuclear power.

Together with the French nuclear phase-out network "Sortir du nucléaire", .broadcast and our friends from Lingen, we will therefore protest with nuclear barrels, banners, flags and drums in front of the LWL Museum for Art and Culture in Münster and with an action we will demonstrate the heartfelt nuclear Make the friendship between Macron and Putin clear. Our demand: “No business with Rosatom!”


PFAS | Drinking waterEternity poisons

Reached alarming proportions

Europe's waters polluted by "perpetual chemicals".

The contamination of rivers, lakes and groundwater is becoming a problem in Germany. Especially because more and more chemicals are finding their way into the water that cannot be broken down. One river is particularly badly affected.

According to environmental organizations, the occurrence of so-called forever chemicals (PFAS) in European waters has reached alarming levels. In particular, the EU limit values ​​are sometimes far exceeded for the chemical compound trifluoroacetic acid (TFA), according to a report by the European Pesticide Action Network and other organizations. According to the German Federation for the Environment and Nature Conservation (BUND), the Elbe and the Spree are affected in Germany.

The extent of the contamination of rivers, lakes and groundwater requires “decisive action,” the report continues. PFAS pesticides must be banned, and a rethinking of the dangers of individual chemicals such as TFA is also necessary.

For the report, more than two dozen surface and groundwater samples from ten European countries were examined by the Water Technology Center in Karlsruhe, including from the Elbe and Spree and from the Seine in France. TFA was detected in all samples, which, according to the report, can enter the groundwater unhindered and remain there for centuries.

In the EU pesticide regulation, TFA is classified as “not relevant”. However, various associations point out the longevity of the substance in the environment and the impossibility of filtering it out using standard drinking water treatment processes.

The Elbe near Hamburg was most affected

According to the BUND, the Elbe near Hamburg is most affected by TFA pollution. The highest concentration of all samples was found there at 3300 nanograms per liter. The EU's proposed limit for all PFAS in drinking water is 500 nanograms per liter...


Nuclear waste | Interim storageRepositoryCastorsTransport container

The unresolved question of nuclear waste disposal: Castors as temporary repositories

Nuclear waste remains a problem. Permits for the 16 interim storage facilities expire between 2034 and 2047. What happens when the Castors' operating license expires?

It is well known that the legacy of 60 years of nuclear energy use will burden the population for almost unforeseeable centuries, but is mostly successfully suppressed. With the decision by the CDU-led federal government to shut down the German nuclear power plants in 2011, which was delayed by three months, the waste disposal issue fell out of focus, but in no way came any closer to a solution.

The demand to put the decommissioned nuclear power plants back into operation overlooks the fact that a 10-year inspection has not taken place for years and hopes that this could continue to be dispensed with. Things have still gone well in Germany so far.

The role of interim storage facilities in nuclear waste disposal

So far, the highly radioactive waste has been packed in Castoren, each piece costing around two million euros, and is currently, at best, transported to an interim storage facility. There are 16 interim storage sites in Germany, which mainly store irradiated nuclear fuel from nuclear power plants and research reactors, but also highly radioactive waste from reprocessing.

Regarding the duration of the possible interim storage, the responsible federal authority Base notes: "The nuclear permits for the storage of nuclear fuel in interim storage facilities were deliberately limited to 2000 years by the Federal Office for Radiation Protection, the then responsible licensing authority, at the beginning of the 40s." That's how long they should be the Castor containers hold, so a record of the safety and integrity of the containers has been maintained for 40 years.


In the foreground, the topic is avoided in order not to worry the population. However, work is being done in the background to answer the question of whether the castors can also be used safely until a final repository is available, although the date of availability is still open.


The mushroom cloud stands for atomic or hydrogen bombs, also in the context of tests27 May 1956 (US atomic bomb tests) Eniwetok and Bikini, USANuclear weapons proving ground

Since 1945, there have been over 2050 nuclear weapons tests worldwide...

Wikipedia de

Operation Redwing

Operation Redwing was the thirteenth series of American nuclear weapons tests conducted in the Marshall Islands in the Pacific between May 4 and July 21, 1956. A total of 17 nuclear weapons were tested above ground. The operation was conducted to test powerful thermonuclear weapons that could not be tested at the Nevada Test Site. The bombs were named after Native American tribes.

27 May 1956 - The 3rd test as part of Operation Redwing, named after the Zuni Indian tribe, was the first test of an American thermonuclear bomb in the Three-stage design (FFF: “Fission-Fusion-Fission”). The 3,5 MT explosion created a crater 30 meters deep and 800 meters in diameter...

July 20, 1956 - The 16th test as part of Operation Redwing, named after the "Tewa" Indian tribe, was detonated on a barge in the Bikini Atoll reef between the islands of Namu and Yurochi and had an explosive force of 6-8 MT. Tewa was after Zuni and Ivy Mike the third American hydrogen bomb with a three-stage design (fission-fusion-fission). 

List of nuclear weapons tests

Chronological, incomplete list of nuclear weapons tests. The table only contains prominent points in the history of the detonation of an atomic bomb for testing purposes...

Atomwaffen A - Z

nuclear weapon states

There are nine nuclear weapon states but only five are "recognized". The US, Russia, China, France and the UK -- the states that also have a permanent seat on the UN Security Council -- are named in the NPT as "nuclear-armed states" because they detonated nuclear weapons before 1957. However, India, Pakistan, Israel and North Korea also possess nuclear weapons, although Israel does not admit them, and are therefore not members of the NPT...


26. May


FloodingWeather extremesclimate deniers

Extreme weather debates

Climate materials adapt

The recent extreme weather events are giving even experienced climate skeptics pause. Why do places become more and more crowded when it rains when, according to them, extreme weather caused by climate change doesn't even exist? 

Climate change really doesn't make it easy. Even the most extreme weather can never be precisely traced back to it as the sole cause. Global warming tends to increase rainfall and dry seasons. Heavy rain is becoming more frequent and more intense - but the weather gods and other factors come into play when exactly how much falls.

Professional climate skeptics are known to rely on this. It has always rained, there have always been floods and cellars and later garages that have been full are popular social media stories in light of recent floods.

But these narratives are starting to crack. Recently it came down from the sky thicker and worse than ever predicted. It wasn't just heavy rain, no, half of Saarland was under water.

Cellars are no longer flooded once every decade, but with unsightly regularity. Federal and state politicians are now even considering compulsory insurance for natural hazards. Years ago it was unthinkable...


Von der LeyenEuropean electionsfirewallRight winger

Europe is threatened with an era of right-wing populism

Among right-wing extremists like the AfD, “melonization” is seen as a swear word for betraying pure doctrine. For centrist politicians, “Melonization” should be a warning not to get involved in dirty deals with right-wing populist parties in Europe. Jan Sternberg fears that the CDU currently sees things differently.

Berlin. In Italian, the firewall is called either “muro spartifuoco” or, more internationally understandable, “il firewall”. What is more interesting for the European elections and Ursula von der Leyen's next term as EU Commission President is where the firewall is between the European conservatives and the far-right parties - and whether it even exists.

At least CDU parliamentary group vice-president Jens Spahn knows a blueprint. In an interview, he located the firewall "to the right of Giorgia Meloni's party" - a party that is commonly described as "post-fascist" and in whose ranks the right arm is often raised. In an interview with Deutschlandfunk, Von der Leyen evaded a clear answer to the question of whether she would work with right-wing parties after the European elections.

As before, they are looking for majorities among individual MPs, and otherwise have the following criteria: The parties must be “for Europe, for Ukraine, i.e. against Russia, and for the rule of law”.

New axis between the “iron blondes”

Meloni has positioned himself on the side of Ukraine, and matters with Europe and the rule of law are, let's say, negotiable. In Rome people have been talking about the new axis between von der Leyen and Meloni for a long time, the “Corriere della sera” called them “le due bionde di ferro”, the two “iron blondes”...


The following comes to mind spontaneously:

When the Nazis came for the Communists, I kept quiet; after all, I wasn't a Communist.
When they imprisoned the Social Democrats, I kept quiet; I wasn't a Social Democrat.
When they came for the trade unionists, I kept quiet; I wasn't a trade unionist.
When they came for the Jews, I kept quiet; I wasn't Jewish.
When they came for me, there was no one left to protest.

Martin Niemöller

And since it is about nothing less than human rights, a few more verses can be added if required, e.g:

When they locked up the journalists, I kept quiet; I wasn't a journalist.

When they took the asylum seekers, I kept quiet; I wasn't an asylum seeker.

When they let refugees drown, I kept quiet; I wasn't a refugee.

When they murdered people, I kept quiet; I ... uhh ...




Anti-Semitism in Toronto: Shooting at Jewish elementary school

On Saturday, unknown people shot at a Jewish girls' school in Toronto. Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau sees the act as anti-Semitic.

MONTREAL afp | Several shots were fired at a Jewish girls' school in the Canadian metropolis of Toronto. No one was injured in the incident on Saturday before 05.00 a.m. (local time), the police said. The alleged perpetrators got out of a dark car and fired at Bais Chaya Mushka Elementary School in the North York district. The facade of the Jewish school was damaged.

The incident came amid growing tensions over the war in Gaza. The police in Toronto announced that they would increase their presence in North York, but also at other schools and synagogues. “We will not ignore what happened here,” senior police officer Paul Krawczyk said at a news conference. However, no hasty conclusions should be drawn about the motive for the crime.

Politicians such as Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Jewish associations classified the act as anti-Semitic...


MoroccopermitsAuto industry

Morocco exports more cars to Europe than China

Less than two decades ago, there was virtually no vehicle industry in Morocco. Now it is the largest in Africa. But now the era of electric cars is coming - with new competitors.

Three times a day, a freight train brings hundreds of cars from rural northern Morocco to a port on the Mediterranean. They come from a Renault factory outside Tangier and are sent to car dealers in Europe. Business incentives and investments in infrastructure like this freight rail line have helped the country take its auto industry from virtually nonexistent to the largest in Africa in less than two decades. The North African kingdom supplies more vehicles to Europe than China, India or Japan and has the capacity to produce 700.000 cars a year.

And the government is determined to maintain the country's position as a heavyweight car manufacturer in the future by eagerly applying for electric car projects. But the extent to which it can remain globally competitive in this coming new era of vehicles with increasing automation in manufacturing is an open question.

There are currently more than 250 companies operating in Morocco that produce vehicles or vehicle parts. The auto industry now accounts for 22 percent of the gross domestic product and the equivalent of 12,9 billion euros in exports. The French car manufacturer Renault, Morocco's largest private employer, produces almost all of its Dacia Sandero small cars - which are extremely popular in Europe - in the North African country. Unencumbered by many of the checks and balances of a democratic separation of powers, the government is telling companies that want to outsource production to cheaper areas that they could get approval for new factories and complete construction within a short period of time - perhaps as little as five months...


ThuringiaCandidatesLocal elections

Candidates are missing in more than 90 Thuringian towns

In many places in Thuringia there are no longer any election candidates - a warning sign for Bodo Ramelow. The community association warns against the elections being hijacked by populists.

Thuringia's Prime Minister Bodo Ramelow expressed concern about the state of democracy ahead of the local elections in his state. The left-wing politician told the editorial network Germany (RND) that no more candidates would be running in 91 places in Thuringia was an alarm sign for him. “I view this development with concern,” said Ramelow. “It is true that people are ultimately elected in these places,” said Ramelow. "But it is a warning sign where democracy will weaken first."

The Thuringian State Office for Statistics announced at the end of last week that 18.986 candidates would apply for a total of 7.464 seats in the district council/city council and local council elections this Sunday. The office added: "In 91 districts/towns, 'blank ballot papers' will be handed out for the district/town mayor election." Voters would have the opportunity to enter their own election proposals on these blank ballot papers.

The Prime Minister called for a “vitalization of democracy” and more appreciation for incumbents as well as stronger protection for them.


Municipal Association: Migration and inflation are not municipal issues

The Association of Cities and Municipalities warned against the local elections being hijacked by populists and extremists. They tried to reinterpret local elections as votes on international issues such as war or migration, said managing director André Berghegger to the newspapers of the Funke media group. It must be clear that it is not about federal politics or international politics. "The Russian attack on Ukraine, inflation or migration policy are not municipal issues." Berghegger described attempts to consciously co-opt local democracy as dishonest. The municipal association firmly rejects such an approach.

Berghegger said that citizens should keep in mind that politics is decided locally in local elections. "It's about building areas, childcare and schools as well as leisure and cultural offerings. The local parliaments discuss sports facilities, swimming pools or offers for young people and seniors."


CompromisePeace negotiationsAggression

Peace Despite Aggression: Historical Lessons

Peace negotiations beyond the lines of conflict: History offers unconventional solutions. The third page counts. (Part 2 and conclusion).

After the first part The two-part series of articles dealt with some of the negotiation techniques, particularly those that William Ury developed over the course of his 40 years of practice as a mediator and in his book Possible, which is well worth reading. How we survive (and thrive) in an age of conflict is illustrated here with examples from the history of successful peace negotiations. 

Fundamental concerns

As soon as soon after Russia's attack on Ukraine, voices in Germany calling for a diplomatic solution to the war became loud, they received massive accusations of being "lumpen pacifists" and "Putin's fifth column".

The arguments against peace negotiations were surprisingly fundamental. You basically can't talk to an aggressor because you obviously can't trust him. In principle, negotiations can only be successful if both parties are really willing to talk.

In principle, negotiations could only be carried out if the aggressor has completely withdrawn from the attacked country.

And last but not least: In principle, one could only agree to talks if the person who supports peace negotiations already has an optimal compromise in their pocket to convince critics of the sense of peace diplomacy.

What was astonishing about these arguments even back then: They are of such a fundamental nature that it is almost logical to deduce that peace talks in a war of aggression in which the aggressor is not prepared to withdraw to its national territory have no chance of real success and at best lead to a dictated peace.

However, this claim is absurd in view of a number of peace agreements in history...


26 May 1971 (INES 4 | Class.?) Kurchatov Institute, Moscow, USSR

Two experimenters died after a criticality accident and two other people were irradiated.
(Costs ?)

Nuclear Power Accidents

Accidents in nuclear facilities

On May 26, 1971, an incident occurred at the SF-3 facility in the Kurchatov Institute in Moscow during experiments
Determine the number of highly enriched U-235 fuel rods to reach critical
Arrangement due to a mechanical failure of the test arrangement a criticality accident in which
two experimenters received radiation doses of 60 and 20 Sv and died after five and 15 days, respectively.
Two other people with doses of 7 to 8 Sv survived.


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Current news+



Racism incidents:

Anti-Semitism Commissioner warns against racist pop culture

Felix Klein is shocked by the Sylt video. But he wasn't surprised: misanthropy has "obviously become part of pop culture."

After the racist incident on Sylt, the federal government's anti-Semitism commissioner, Felix Klein, denounced misanthropy in society. Klein told the Editorial Network Germany (RND) that he was shocked by the video of the incident circulating on social media. "Not because the existence of such misanthropic ideology surprises me, but because it has clearly become part of pop culture and socially acceptable in a milieu that should be aware that foreigners contribute significantly to our prosperity," Klein added.

From Klein's point of view, the video represents different dimensions of misanthropy. "Anyone who calls for 'Germany for the Germans' in classic Nazi style excludes all supposedly 'non-German' groups that are supposedly less valuable, including people with a migration background, Sinti and Roma, but also Jews," he said. He was happy “that such behavior does not go unpunished.”

Another incident in Lower Saxony

The state police are now investigating the video for sedition. In the recording you can see and hear how young people in the Sylter Club Pony on the North Sea island shout Nazi slogans such as "Germany for the Germans, foreigners out" to the song L'amour toujours by Gigi D'Agostino. A man shows a pose that could be the banned Hitler salute. The song L'amour toujours has recently become an anthem for right-wing extremists. Shortly after the incident on Sylt, it became known that the state security agency was also investigating a video recorded at a folk festival in Lower Saxony, in which people could also be heard shouting racist slogans to the disco hit.

The incident on Sylt also sparked outrage in politics. Federal Interior Minister Nancy Faeser (SPD) spoke of a “disgrace for Germany,” while Schleswig-Holstein’s Education Minister Karin Prien (CDU) described the video as “a sign of neglect of prosperity.” Federal President Frank-Walter Steinmeier also commented on the incident and complained about a “roughening of political etiquette.” Chancellor Olaf Scholz (SPD) called the slogans from the video “disgusting” and “unacceptable”.

The Pony Bar also distanced itself from the guests who shouted the slogans and, according to its own statements, has now filed a criminal complaint. According to the operators, the restaurant's employees had not noticed the "deeply anti-social behavior" of the guests. That's why they didn't react immediately.


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Background knowledge

The map of the nuclear world

The only planet we have...


The “Internal Search”


May 9, 2024 - "A major reason is feelings of powerlessness"

February 29, 2024 - Right-wing extremist attacks on politicians are increasing. There are no individual perpetrators

December 31, 2023 - The necessary change needs more support

November 26, 2023 - Sociologist on the radicalism of the AfD: “Something has shifted”

February 28, 2023 - Chomsky: Why calls for a stronger NATO are wrong and mendacious

January 25, 2023 - Je suis mud monk



The search engine Ecosia is planting trees!





Racism or racial ideology is a worldview according to which people are categorized and excluded as a “race”, “people” or “ethnicity” based on external characteristics or negative attributions from others that are exaggerated, naturalized or stereotyped. Until the 20th century, alleged “human races” were constructed in racial theories that are now obsolete, primarily based on biological characteristics (skin color, face and body shapes, etc.), thereby justifying slavery, assimilation policies, ethno- or genocide.

Racists and racial ideologists usually view people who are as similar as possible to their own characteristics as superior, while everyone else (often graded) is viewed as inferior (chauvinism). This hierarchical reduction is preceded by an often meticulous allocation of people to groups (discrimination), with mixed and multiple identities as well as group transitions being seen as serious problem cases. Racial ideologists often want to make normal intercourse between groups more difficult (segregation) and in particular prevent mixing through family connections and the generation of offspring...

Group-based misanthropy

Term and research program

The term “group-related misanthropy” is based on the Bielefeld disintegration approach and aims to capture and systematize hostile attitudes towards people of different social, religious and ethnic backgrounds as well as with different lifestyles in a society using a term with a wide range. An ideology of inequivalence is assumed to be the common core of the phenomena assigned to this term - the equivalence and integrity of specific groups in society are questioned. Overt and covert misanthropy are included in the empirical research. The leading research group does not speak of a phenomenon, but of a “syndrome”. The term “syndrome” for the discrimination complex is borrowed from medicine and expresses the fact that the various symptoms often occur simultaneously or in a correlated manner.

A key feature of the research program “Group-Related Misanthropy” of the Institute for Interdisciplinary Conflict and Violence Research (IKG) at Bielefeld University was the work based on empirical social research, which used representative long-term studies to identify the typical correlations of the sub-phenomena. In addition to xenophobia and racism, the devaluation of religion was also considered, ie anti-Judaism and Islamophobia. Also included was the denigration of sexual or social otherness, ie the devaluation of the homeless, homosexuals and the disabled as well as the demonstration of sexism and established privileges...

brutalization of society

In 2012, the anthology Kaltes Land was published under the co-editorship of Rudolph Bauer, which has two subtitles: Against the brutalization of the Federal Republic and For a humane democracy. The authors, who include Christoph Butterwegge as a poverty researcher as well as sociologists and social ethicists, “call for resistance against the increasingly brutal dehumanization policies of neoliberalism: with analyzes and arguments, from the perspective of scientists and those affected.” The book devotes one of its sections to dehumanization in connection with Hartz IV and presents “concepts for rehumanization” beyond capitalism in another section.

Christian Pfeiffer, criminologist and former director of the Lower Saxony Criminological Research Institute (KFN), claimed in 2012 that the assumption of a “brutalization of society” “cannot be empirically proven.” We are “flooded with images of crime,” but violence is decreasing.


Pfeiffer's position is not always shared. For example, in 2015, the journalist Markus Feldenkirchen linked the refugee crisis to concerns that “a climate of brutalization like that of Weimar times” could develop. His headline was German brutalization and he said that Germany could “overcome the crisis without giving up its civilization.” Instead, “an atmosphere of tavern brawl prevails over the country.” He is afraid “that Germany will become brutal” and justifies his fears with numerous concrete examples. A “culture of brutalization” “contributed significantly to the failure of the first German democracy”...




Search: racism, misanthropy, brutalization

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This playlist contains over 150 videos on the topic of atoms*


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